Speech therapy may be sought for various reasons- it might be in order to recover from a trauma or to help manage a natural defect. Through years of research, scientists and doctors have evolved techniques that target particular speech defects, causes of which can range from nerve injuries to the brain, paralysis, birth defects or structural malformation. According to the data suggested by the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) 7.5 million people in the US alone have speech defects that need to be tackled urgently.
Speech therapy for an individual is usually prescribed by a speech language pathologist. They work by assessing the level of the patient and then personalizing the activities based on their interest as well as the speech goals they want to attain. Some of the best professionals can be sought from a reliable Home Health Care Agency Pembroke Pines. Here we enlist the most popular techniques employed by speech- language pathologists.
The doctor performs the articulation of certain sounds and asks the patients to repeat them. This mimicking of the sound as well as the formation of sounds using particular muscles of the mouth allows the patient to use sounds correctly in a conversation. For children this is incorporated in a game or playful activity while the adults may simply be required to perform them after the demonstration by the doctor.
2Oral Motor Therapy
In order to understand how speech works, it is important to understand the concept of a muscle and its working. A muscle is strengthened by movement-especially repetitive movements designed to further a particular goal. Oral motor therapy can be thought of as exercise for speech. Facial muscles are exercised to focus the control of speech. The doctor may also employ tongue, lips and jaw exercises alongside massaging of the facial muscles to strengthen them, habitualizing them to make certain sounds.
3Techniques involving sensory feedback
Using this technique, a speech-language pathologist helps people become aware of the sounds that they are producing. Most SLPs use auditory feedback-recording voice samples of the patients and replaying them back demonstrating better versions alongside to help them identify the mistakes they are making. Tactile feedback- which is how sounds emanate physically from oral structures is essential from the point of view of speech therapy. A therapist may oversee how the tongue and other oral structures are placed and demonstrate correct placement for them in order to properly articulate the sounds. Engaging games may be devised by the therapist in order to help children pronounce certain difficult words and gamify the whole session which is highly encouraging.
4Language intervention techniques
A speech therapist may also help patients arrange their thoughts into logical sequences and convey them appropriately. This is done usually by incorporating storytelling, books and role playing games into a session. The goal here is to acquire vocabulary that helps in conveying themselves through proper beginning, middle and end. These techniques help in overcoming defects as cleft palate, speech delay, stuttering, pronunciations and lisps. An outstanding Home Health Care Agency Pembroke Pines is the Health Care of South Florida with professionals looking to provide best care every step of the way. If you are looking for any sort of help with articulation disorders, birth defects etc. this is the place to go to for best in class home health care professionals.